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Ghana’s Electoral Commission (EC) held citizens in suspense when its 24-hour deadline to declare the election results passed but the dust of doubt quickly settled when the EC Chairperson, Jean Mensa on the eve of December 10 declared the incumbent l e a d e r, N a n a A d d o Dankwa Akufo-Addo as the President-elect for another four-year term. Akufo-Addo obtained a total of 6,730,413 votes being 51.295% of valid ballots cast whilst his political rival John Dramani Mahama of the National Democratic Congress (NDC) trailed closely with 6,214,889 vo t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g 47.366% of valid ballots cast. Akufo-Addo leads Mahama with 515,524 votes. H e a r h e r : “Distinguished ladies and gentlemen, on the basis of the foregoing election results and by the power vested in me as Chairperson of the Electoral Commission of Ghana, and the Returning Officer of the Presidential election, it is my duty and honor to declare Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo as President-elect of the Republic of Ghana. May God bless our homeland Ghana and make our nation great and strong. Let peace reign.
” N D C R e j e c t s Presidential Results
The NDC has rejected the presidential results and said it will appeal against the declaration by the EC. Former President Mahama rejected the results of the presidential poll and criticized the EC for being unfair to the NDC. At a press conference in Accra, the former President said: “I stand b e fo r e yo u t o n i g h t unwilling to accept the fictionalized results of a flawed
election “What we witnessed across the country from Monday December 7, 2020 exposed a deliberate plan to manipulate and predetermine the results of the election in favor of the incumbent candidate, Nana Akufo-Addo”. “In fact, the litany of irregularities and blatant attempts at rigging for a candidate is obvious and most embarrassing. We will take all legitimate steps to reverse this travesty of justice,” he declared. The Minority Leader and incumbent Member of Parliament (MP) for Tamale South, Mr. Haruna Iddrisu said the NDC had overwhelming evidence that proves that the party’s candidate, M a h a m a w o n t h e election. “A s a p a r t y, w e have had e xtensive c o n s u l t a t i o n s a n d detailed analysis of the outcome of the elections as announced by Jean Mensa, the EC chair.” “We have come to only one irresistible conclusion, that it is a flawed discredited election and therefore we reject the presidential result without any reservation,” he said. The NDC may soon file a case against the EC and the NPP at the Supreme Court of
Ghana should the party have credible evidence as claimed by the Tamale MP. This is the second time Mr. Mahama has suffered defeat from Akufo-Addo. In the 2016 Presidential poll, President AkufoAddo, then in opposition had 5,755,758 votes being 53.8% of the votes to win the election whilst Mahama had 4,771,188 votes representing 44.4% of the votes.
This year, Mahama improved his performance from 44.4% to 47.3% whilst Akufo-Addo’s performance dropped from 53.8% to 51.2%. Meanwhile although 128,018 ballots from the Techiman South
C o n s t i t u e n c y a r e in contention the EC decided to announce the results of the presidential poll since the ballots in dispute will not change the results even if all was allotted to Mr. Mahama.
The Election was conducted in 38,622 polling stations across the country and in 275 constituencies with a voter turnout of 79%. It was well organized, largely peaceful, and fair but the police say there have been dozens of isolated incidents of violence during the
election leading to the death of 5 people. Tensions rose as both Mahama and AkufoAddo claim to be in the lead hours after results started reaching the EC. Acid Test for Ghana’s Democracy Ghana’s democratic credentials have moved up to the highest notch ever in our political history, as the nation conducted a fair and successful presidential and parliamentary poll.
The presidential and legislative balloting is an acid test of the credentials of the former British colony as one of the most politically stable countries in Africa. The United States of America and other democracies must take a leaf from our democratic political experiment that had a heady start in 1992 with the late President Jerry John Rawlings of the NDC, a military strongman transformed into a civilian leader, at the wheels of the political train. Rawlings handed over power to former President John Agyekum Kuffour of the NPP to the surprise of political analysts.
However, both the winner and loser of
t h e j u s t c o n t e s t e d
presidential poll are not new to the electorate since the President-elect Akufo-Addo, 76, and his arch-rival, former President John Dramani Mahama, 62, were both known tenants of the presidency.
The President-elect said in his victory speech to party faithful at his Nima residence that he will put the nation back on track. H e s a i d :
“ M y immediate task will be to continue with the process of reversing the effects Covid-19 has had on our economy and our lives and put the nation on course for full economic recovery and development.”
“Skirt and Blouse Votes”
One phenomenon that eluded political pundits before the election is the degree to which the Ghanaian electorate has become sophisticated in decision making regarding the choice of candidates.
The election results for parliamentarians have shown that voters axed non-performing l a w m a k e r s , n o matter their position i n g ov e r n m e n t o r influence in the party or constituency
As it stands, none of the two major political parties has majority in parliament which means that there will be intense power play in the law chamber. The Presidentelect called for both NDC and NPP to work together in parliament. Akufo-Addo stated that the results of the 2020 parliamentary elections are a clear indication that Ghanaians want both NDC and NPP lawmakers to work together for the development and growth of the nation. During the primaries, some political parties imposed candidates on the electorate. It was apparent that some voters registered their protests strongly during the poll in some constituencies. Some party supporters from both political divide put aside their political affiliations after voting for their presidential candidate and voted out non-perfor ming p a r l i a m e n t a r y candidates. The message of the electorate was clear. Many constituents voted “Skirt and Blouse”, an expression which refers to voting for a party’s presidential candidate but not its Member of Parliament. The NPP was hardest hit by this p h e n o m e n o n a s 2 8 legislators in addition to 23 ministers of state lost their seats to the NDC in what analysts see as a good job done by the NDC. D e f e a t e d N P P Ministers of State The ministers of state who lost their parliamentary seats i n c l u d e A l i M a i g a Hamidu – Dormaa West, George Gyan Baffuor – Wenchi, (Minister for Planning), Derrick O d u r o – N k o r a n z a North, (Deputy Defence M i n i s t e r ) , C h a r l e s Ko n a d u Yi a d o m – Nkoranza South, Abena Cont’d on page 11